ACELA1460 Understand that spoken, visual and written forms of language are different modes of communication with different features and their use varies according to the audience, purpose, context and cultural background
ACELA1460.a identifying examples and features of different kinds of spoken, non-verbal, written and visual communication from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and from several Asian cultures within Australia, and associating those features with particular communities
ACELA1460.b recognising some phrases in the languages of the class and community, for example greetings and expressions of politeness
Language for interaction
ACELA1461 Understand that language varies when people take on different roles in social and classroom interactions and how the use of key interpersonal language resources varies depending on context
ACELA1461.a exploring how terms of address are used to signal different kinds of relationships
ACELA1461.b exploring the differences between giving a presentation and talking to friends
ACELA1461.c exploring culturally specific greetings and expressions of politeness
ACELA1462 Identify language that can be used for appreciating texts and the qualities of people and things
ACELA1462.a exploring how language is used to express feelings including learning vocabulary to express a gradation of feeling, for example 'happy', 'joyful', 'pleased', 'contented'
ACELA1462.b exploring in stories, everyday and media texts moral and social dilemmas; such as right and wrong, fairness/unfairness, inclusion and exclusion; learning to use language to describe actions and consider consequences
ACELA1462.c exploring how language is used to construct characters and settings in narratives, including choice of nouns such as 'girl', 'princess' or 'orphan', and choice of adjectives such as 'gentle', 'timid' or 'frightened'
ACELA1468 Understand that nouns represent people, places, concrete objects and abstract concepts; that there are three types of nouns: common, proper and pronouns; and that noun groups/phrases can be expanded using articles and adjectives
ACELA1468.a exploring texts and identifying nouns that refer to characters, elements of the setting, and ideas
ACELA1469 Identify visual representations of characters' actions, reactions, speech and thought processes in narratives, and consider how these images add to or contradict or multiply the meaning of accompanying words
ACELA1469.a comparing two versions of the same story, for example 'Jack and the Beanstalk', identifying how a character's actions and reactions are depicted differently by different illustrators
ACELA1470 Understand the use of vocabulary about familiar and new topics and experiment with and begin to make conscious choices of vocabulary to suit audience and purpose
ACELA1470.a interpreting new terminology drawing on prior knowledge, analogies and connections with known words
ACELA1470.b interpreting new terminology drawing on prior knowledge, analogies and connections with known words
Phonics and word knowledge
ACELA1474 Orally manipulate more complex sounds in spoken words through knowledge of blending and segmenting sounds, phoneme deletion and substitution in combination with use of letters in reading and writing
ACELA1474.a blending and segmenting sounds in words, for example 'b-r-o-th-er' or 'c-l-ou-d-y'
ACELA1474.b deleting and substituting sounds in spoken words to form new words, for example delete the 'scr' in 'scratch', and then form new words 'catch', 'batch' and 'hatch'
ACELA1471 Understand how to use knowledge of digraphs, long vowels, blends and silent letters to spell one and two syllable words including some compound words
ACELA1471.a using knowledge of known words to spell unknown words, for example using the word 'thumb' to spell the word 'crumb'
ACELA1471.b exploring compound words by discussing the meaningful parts, for example the spelling and meaning of 'homemade' is informed by two smaller words 'home' and 'made'
ACELA1471.c drawing on knowledge of letter-sound relationships, for example breaking a word into syllables, then recording the sounds heard and thinking about the letter patterns that represent the sounds
ACELA1472 Build morphemic word families using knowledge of prefixes and suffixes
ACELA1472.a discussing how a prefix or suffix affects meaning, for example in the word 'paint-er' the suffix 'er' means 'one who', so a painter is 'one who paints'